What is a novel coronavirus?

A novel coronavirus is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified. The virus causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold.

A diagnosis with coronavirus 229E, NL63, OC43, or HKU1 is not the same as a COVID-19 diagnosis. Patients with COVID-19 will be evaluated and cared for differently than patients with common coronavirus diagnosis.

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1. What is a novel coronavirus?
2. How is the virus spread?
3. Quarantine or isolation: What's the difference?
4. Can a person become reinfected?
5. Who is considered a close contact to someone with COVID-19?
6. What is contract tracing?
7. Is the COVID-19 Vaccine ready?